It is exciting news to know that NASA, Caltech, and Fermilab scientists have finally accomplished long-distance quantum teleportation. Don’t misunderstand, though—this doesn’t mean that they have discovered how to literally teleport one object from one place to another.
By quantum teleportation, it means that information which are contained in qubits has now been teleported a certain distance via entanglement. This is is possible though quantum communication networks.
NASA successfully transferred quantum information—otherwise known as ‘qubits’—at the speed of light reaching over 27 miles. With this achievement, it could potentially affect how machines communicate as well as the ways we receive information. You see, quantum communication makes use of photons rather than computer codes which means it can’t easily be hacked.
This is extremely useful and effective, as well as the first instance recorded on quantum teleportation. It’s interesting to know that in order to send information stored within qubits, the process of entanglement is done. Entanglement is done when two particles share spatial proximity which does not allow them to be described on its own. In this case, the particles are 27 miles of each other; however, one cannot exist without the other. Through this concept, quantum teleportation was made possible.
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The researchers from Caltech, NASA, and Fermilab (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory) have created a transportation system between two laboratories. These systems comprise of 3 nodes. Through the interaction of these nodes, it produced a qubit sequence that sent signals immediately. There was no need to wait between the creation and sending information, not to mention that the information came 90 percent accurate. This may seem imperfect for now, but at least the researchers could see a glimmer of hope for the future.
Along with this hope is the possibility that quantum transportation can be applied to practical uses which includes sending information between two labs if they wish. Once this is perfected, it may even be more powerful than our current supercomputers.
For now, we are contented to know that the achievement of quantum teleportation and an understanding of how it works is a step forward towards a more advanced technology in later generations.